Neshoba County is remote from railroads and has never felt the influence of railway facilities upon its development. Hence its towns, though enjoying a good local trade and peopled by a sturdy, enterprising and intelligent class, have none of them attained to any considerable size.
Philadelphia, the seat of justice, has a population of about one hundred. Other villages within the borders of the county are Dowdville, Laurel Hill, Dixon, New Hope, Java, North Bend and Milldale.
Booneville, the seat of justice of Prentiss County, is a thriving station on the Mobile & Ohio railroad, and has a population of eight hundred. It is the center of a good trade, and has good schools, ample church accommodations and an intelligent, well-educated, progressive class of citizens.
Other towns in this county are Marietta, Carrollsville, Elma, Baldwyn (See Tupelo, Lee County, etc.), old Cairo and Beulah.
Source: Biographical and Historical Memories of Mississippi, Goodspeed Publishing Company, 1891